Jail conditions 1816

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Sheriff John Hays was terse in his dissatisfaction with the St. Clair County jail two years after the courthouse was moved in 1814 from Cahokia to Belleville. Facilities were meager in the early years. A jail wasn't built until four years after the sheriff's protest. The first courthouse was also completed that year.

This was a one line entry in a book that recorded the items considered by the county commissioners. Subsequent entries in 1817 mention a new jail and in 1820 bids are sought. There was a delay of several months and then a new jail was built by William Graves for $2,434.00. The commissioners approved paying him that amount on September 20, 1820.

John Hays was Sheriff from 1802 until 1819. 

From the Gustave Koerner House on Face Book


Blood on the Tracks: East St. Louis and the 1886 Southwestern Railway Strike

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Blood on the Tracks: East St. Louis and the 1886 Southwestern Railway Strike

By: William P Shannon, IV
Curator, St. Clair County Historical Society

"We do not ride on the railroad; it rides upon us." - Henry David Thoreau, Walden, 1854.

Thoreau, in one line, crystallized the fraught relationship between nineteenth century Americans and the rapid expansion of the railroads, a relatively new technology that was fundamentally reshaping lives the world over.  Railroads shrank space, redefined time, and changed the way people worked and lived.

Such a momentous change would surely bring tensions with it, tensions in society, economics, and culture.  One such area of tension involved the masses of workers required to keep the trains loaded, running, and on time.  Railroad workers, especially in the decades after the Civil War, fought for higher wages, stable employment, and safer working conditions.  Their adversaries were some of the richest men in America, men who had profited handsomely from the expansion of these roads of iron.  As labor organized, notably through the Knights of Labor, and railroad owners dug in their heels, these tensions often erupted into strikes and occasionally violence.

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Deputy Levoy Perry

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Yesterday we were notified by family members that retired St. Clair County Sheriff's Deputy Levoy Perry passed away. Deputy Perry was assigned to the patrol division on December 1, 1965 and retired on September 7, 1991.

Deputy Perry dedicated his life to serving others. Our thoughts and prayers are with his family and friends during this difficult time.