First Sheriff of St. Clair County.
St. Clair County was part of the Indiana territory. Illinois would not become a state until 1818.
Buried at the Nix-Judy Cemetery in Edwardsville, Illinois
Son of Benjamin & Henrietta Munday Biggs Married Nancy Mundy....Military Record: He was sworn into the Virginia Militia by Patrick Henry in 1777. He is known to have served as a Lt. under the command of George Rogers Clark in 1782 in the capture of Kaskaskia and Vincennes......After the war and his marriage he returned to Virginia and farmed. In 1784 with his family and several of his former comrades returned to Illinois and settled near Bellefontaine in Monroe Co.
In 1789 frontiersman Biggs was captured by Kickapoo Indians whole on the road between Bellefontaine and Cahokia and taken 250 miles to an Indian village in northern Indiana. He ransomed his freedom using credit from a French trader. Bigg's own account of his capture, captivity, and ransom notes – "… in the coustidy of savage I then made interest with a French trader that was in town for creadit and got goods and purchased myself from the savage my price was one hundred seven bucks or dollars then continued three weeks longer at the same town before an opportunity offered my jurney." About ten weeks after his capture Biggs returned to his Bellefontaine home where he resumed farming and trapping. He served with Benjamin Logan in 1786.
Although he served as a representative of the Illinois Territory after coming to this area following the war, he is best remembered for having dug a salt mine reported to have been 440 feet deep in 1832 near the bank of Silver Creek in Section 19 in Saline Tp., Madison Co. He invested a considerable sum of money in the project. He hired 20 men and used 15 cords of wood a day to keep 40 large kettles boiling for evaporation purposes. However all that work only produced 6 bushels of salt a day. This project caused all his money to evaporate into thin air. Today the well is in the bed of Silver Creek due to a change in the creek's course over the many years. Biggs dug his well only 4 years before his death in 1827.
William Biggs served as the first sheriff of St. Clair Co. from 1790 -1799. In 1808 he was elected Justice of Peace and Judge of Common Pleas. He was twice elected to represent the Illinois Territorial Legislature at Vincennes. In 1812 he was elected to represent St. Clair Co. in the Legislative Council.
From: Find A Grave